Utah Void contract

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¶ 18 The distinction between void and voidable is important, although the terms are not always used precisely.6 A contract or a deed that is void cannot be ratified or accepted,7 and anyone can attack its validity in court.8 In contrast, a contract or deed that is voidable may be ratified at the election of the injured party. Once ratified, the voidable contract or deed is deemed valid. A deed that is voidable is valid against the world, including the grantor,9 because only the injured party has standing to ask the court to set it aside.105 ¶ 19 In general, the difference between void and voidable contracts is whether they offend public policy. Contracts that offend an individual, such as those arising from fraud, misrepresentation, or mistake, are voidable. Only contracts that offend public policy or harm the public are void ab initio.

Ockey v. Lehmer, 189 P.3d 51, 56 (Utah 2008)