Utah Affirmative Defense: Duress

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The Utah Court of Appeals in the case In re Adoption of B.T.D., 2003 UT App 99, 68 P.3d 1021, 1026, stated:

In Andreini v. Hultgren, 860 P.2d 916 (Utah 1993), the Utah Supreme Court defined duress as an independent legal concept. It adopted the Restatement (Second) of Contracts' three-part standard for determining duress.5 Under that legal standard, a “contract is voidable by the victim” “[i]f ... assent is induced

(1) by an improper threat
(2) by the other party
(3) that leaves the victim no reasonable alternative.”

Restatement (Second) of Contracts § 175 (1981); see Andreini, 860 P.2d at 921 (adopting Restatement's view of duress).